Découverte de la ville d'Italica ainsi que le monastère d'Isidro del Campo: We will start our journey in Seville and we will visit the ruins of this imperial city. The city of Italica was founded in 206 BC by the Roman general Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus in order to settle Roman soldiers wounded in the Battle of Ilipa, where the Carthaginian army was defeated during the Second Punic War.
The name Italica bound the colonia to their Italian origins. Italica was the birthplace of the Roman emperor Trajan. Hadrian was generous to his settled town, which he made a colonia; he added temples, including a Trajaneum venerating Trajan, and rebuilt public buildings. Italica’s amphitheater seated 25,000 spectators—half as many as the Flavian Amphitheatre in Rome— and was the third largest in the Roman Empire. The city's Roman population at the time is estimated to have been only 8000. The games and theatrical performances funded by the local aristocracy, who filled the positions of magistrate, were a means of establishing status: the size of the amphitheater shows that the local elite was maintaining status that extended far beyond Italica itself.
The modern town of Santiponce overlies the "old city" of Republican times founded by Scipio and the pre-Roman Iberian city. The well-preserved city of ruins seen today is the nova urbs magnificently laid out under Hadrian's patronage. A shift of the Guadalquivir River bed, probably due to siltation— a widespread problem in antiquity that followed removal of the forest cover—left Italica isolated, high and dry. The city started to dwindle as early as the 3rd century. Later Seville grew nearby, and no modern city covered most of Italica's foundations. The result is an unusually well-preserved Roman city of Hispania Baetica, and unexpected riches in the Museo Arqueologico of Seville, with its famous marble colossus of Trajan. In Italica, cobbled Roman streets are visible, and mosaic floors still in situ. The excavation of Italica began in 1781 and continues.
After this, we will discover the medieval monastery (San Isodoro del Campo) and visit the interiors, explaining the legends and history of this beautiful place, built in 1301. First roman city founded out of Italy/ The third biggest amphiteather in the world/ The oldest medieval monastery in the south of Spain.
Meeting/pick-up point: Pick up from hotel.
Duration: Four hours.
Start/opening time: Wednesday to Sunday at 9.30am.
Languages: Spanish, English and French.
Others: Tour not available on Monday and Tuesday. Entry to Italica and Monastery of San Isidoro del Campo included.